Know, O dear readers, that the medicine of a disease is to remove the root
cause of that disease. Isa (Jesus Christ) (p.b.u.h.) was once asked: "What thing
is difficult?" He said: "God's wrath." Prophet Yahya (John the Baptist)
(p.b.u.h.) then asked: "What thing takes near the wrath of God?" He said:"
Anger". Yahya (p.b.u.h.) asked him:" What thing grows and increases anger?" Isa
(p.b.u.h.) said:" Pride, prestige, hope for honor and haughtiness."
The causes which cause anger to grow are self-conceit, self-praise, jests and
ridicule, argument, treachery, too much greed for too much wealth and name and
fame. If these evils are united in a person, his conduct becomes bad and he
cannot escape anger. So these things should be removed by their opposites.
Self-praise is to be removed by modesty. Pride is to be removed by one's own
origin and birth. Greed is to be removed by remaining satisfied with
necessary things, and miserliness by charity.
The prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) said: "A strong man is
not he who defeats his adversary by wrestling, but a strong man is he who
controls himself at the time of anger."
We are describing below the medicines of anger after one gets angry. The
medicine is a mixture of knowledge and action. The medicine based on knowledge
is of six kinds:
1) The first medicine of knowledge is to
think over the rewards of appeasing anger, that have come from the verses of the
Quran and the sayings of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.). Your hope for getting rewards
of appeasing anger will restrain you from taking revenge.
2) The second kind of medicine based on
knowledge is to fear the punishment of God and to think that the punishment of
God upon me is greater than my punishment upon him. If I take revenge upon this
man for anger, God will take revenge upon me on the Judgment Day.
3) The third kind of medicine of anger based
on knowledge is to take precaution about punishment of enmity and revenge on
himself. You feel joy in having your enemy in your presence in his sorrows. You
yourself are not free from that danger. You will fear that your enemy might take
revenge against you in this world and in the next.
4) Another kind of medicine based on
knowledge is to think about the ugly face of the angry man, which is just like
that of the ferocious beast. He who appeases anger looks like a sober and
5) The fifth kind of medicine based on
knowledge is to think that the devil will advise by saying: "You will be weak if
you do not get angry! "Do not listen to him!
6) The sixth reason is to think: "What
reason have I got to get angry? What Allah wishes has occurred!"
Medicine based on action
When you get angry, say: I seek refuge in God from the accursed evil (A'oudhou
billaahi min as shaytaan ir rajeem). The prophet (p.b.u.h.) ordered us to say
When Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) got angry, he dragged her by the
nose and said: " O dear Aaisha, say: O God, you are the Lord of my prophet
Muhammad (p.b.u.h.), forgive my sins and remove the anger from my heart and save
me from misguidance."
If anger does not go by this means, you will sit down if you are standing, lie
down if you are sitting, and come near to earth, as you have been created of
earth. Thus, make yourself calm like the earth. The cause of wrath is heat and
its opposite is to lie down on the ground and to make the body calm and cool.
The prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: "Anger is a burning coal. Don't you see your
eyebrows wide and eyes reddish? So when one of you feels angry, let him sit down
if standing, and lie down if sitting."
If still anger does not stop, make ablution with cold water or take a bath, as
fire cannot be extinguished without water.
The prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: "When one of you gets angry, let him make ablution
with water as anger arises out of fire. "In another narration, he said: "Anger
comes from the devil and the devil is made of fire."
Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) said: "The prophet (p.b.u.h.) did not get
angry for any action of the world. When any true matter charmed him, nobody knew
it and nobody got up to take revenge for his anger. HE GOT ANGRY ONLY FOR
كاتب المقال: Imam al Ghazali