Islam attaches great importance to the concept of pardoning of sins by Allah
so that one may be saved from Hellfire. On several occasions, The Holy Quran
gives such prayers as "Pardon us, forgive us our sins, and have mercy upon us"
Allah assures us that no matter what our sin, if we truly repent and seek His
forgiveness, and take steps to put right our wrongs, He will forgive us. The
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) said, "My heart is clouded until I have asked God’s
forgiveness seventy times during the day and night."
We are likewise asked to show mercy to our fellow men. (Quran 90/17) Since
God is Himself forgiving, He desires that people should cultivate this attribute
and show forgiveness to other human beings. (Quran 24/22; 64/14).
The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) taught his followers that the individual who
pardons his enemy, even while having the power to extract revenge, will be
nearest to God in the Hereafter. Once the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was asked, "How
many times are we to forgive our servants’ faults?" He remained silent. The
questioner repeated his question. But the Prophet gave no answer. But when the
person asked a third time, he said, "Forgive your servant seventy times a day."
The Holy Quran makes it clear that a strong, adverse, emotional reaction such
as anger does not befit the true believer, and instead cites as a mark of
excellence the quality of forgiveness: "When they become angry, they are
forgiving." (Quran 42/37)
By: Maulana Wahiduddin Khan