The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) said:
"There are seven whom Allah will shade in His Shade on the Day when there
is no shade except His Shade: a just ruler; a youth who grew up in the worship
of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic; a man whose heart is attached to the
mosques; two men who love each other for Allah's sake, meeting for that and
parting upon that; a man who is called by a woman of beauty and position (for
illegal intercourse), but be says: 'I fear Allah', a man who gives in charity
and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives
in charity; and a man who remembered Allah in private and so his eyes shed
tears.'" (Abu Hurairah & collected in Saheeh al-Bukhari (English trans.)
vol.1, p.356, no.629 & Saheeh Muslim (English trans.) vol.2, p.493, no.2248)
In this beautiful Hadith, the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) spoke about small acts of
worship which result in such a huge reward: shade on the Day when there will
be no shade except His Shade. This may not seem like much at first but then
reflect upon the following Hadith: 'On the Day of Resurrection, the sun would
draw so close to the people that there would be left a distance of only one
mile. The people will be submerged in perspiration according to their deeds,
some up to their ankles, some up to their knees, some up to the waist and some
would have the bridle of perspiration and, while saying this, the Messenger of
Allah put his hand towards his mouth.' (al Miqdaad ibn Aswad & collected in
Saheeh Muslim (Eng. trans) vol.4, p.1487-8, no. 6852}.
And in another Hadith, some will be submerged in sweat 'seventy arm-lengths
in the earth.' (Abu Hurairah and collected in Saheeh al-Bukhari (Eng. trans.)
vol.8, p.353, no.539) and Muslim (Eng. trans.) vol.4, p.l487, no.6851)
So who would want more then, on this Day, than to be under the Shade and
protection of Allah Azza wa Jall?
Let us examine now the characteristics and virtues of these seven
categories of people who will be worthy of such an exalted position on the Day
1. 'A Just Ruler'
The concept of Justice in Islam is very important and it is something which
the Muslim - Ruler and the ruled - must apply in all matters without
exception. Justice means to give each the right he deserves: Muslim or
non-Muslim, relative or stranger, friend or enemy. Allah says: '...And do not
let hatred cause you to act unjustly, that is nearer to piety (al-Maa'idah 8).
Unfortunately, even if we admit this in theory, we quickly forget it in
practice. So we find that when we speak about our friends and loved ones, we
praise them beyond reason and when we speak about those whom we hold
difference with, we can find no good in them and we just capitalize on their
bad points. This is far removed from the justice which Allah loves and gives
great reward for, as mentioned in the following Hadith: 'The doers of justice
will be on thrones of light at Allah's Right Hand - and both of Allah's Hands
are Right Hands" - those who were just in their Ruling, with their families
and in all that over which they were given authority.
The Prophet assigning to Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud the open spaces in Madina
between the dwellings and palm gardens of the Ansar, and when the Banu Abd Ibn
Zuhrah said, "Remove from us the son of Umm Abd (Ibn Mas'ud)," replying,
then did Allah send me? Allah does not bless a people among whom a weak man is
not given his right.'" (Baghawi transmitted it in Sharh as-Sunnah. Sunan
The concept of justice is most important for the Ruler, since he is in
charge of his people and the primary disposer of justice in the land. For this
reason, the Ruler is given special mention as one of the seven who will be
honored with Allah's Shade.
2 'A youth who grew up in the worship of Allah'
The great scholar, Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaanee (d.131H) said, "From the success
of a youth is that Allah guides him to a scholar of the Sunnah.(Hasan -
Reported in Sharh Usoolis-Sunnah of al-Laalikaa'ee no.30).
Indeed, it is a great blessing from Allah for a youth to be guided towards
worship and be befriended by the righteous, since it is in youth that a person
is most vulnerable to the temptations of life and liable to drift away from
the Islamic Path. This becomes apparent when we look at society around us and
we see that most of the worldly distractions, such as music, games, clubs,
fashion etc. are all specifically targeted at the young. "You're only young
once!" they are told, which is why many Muslims nowadays waste their youth
thinking that they will pray, wear Hijaab and go to Hajj, etc. when they are
old, as if they have a guarantee of longevity from Allah! How well we would do
to heed the Prophet's advice when he said: 'Take benefit of five before five:
your youth before your old age, your health before your sickness, your wealth
before your poverty, your free time before you are preoccupied and your life
before your death.' Sahih - Narrated by Ibn Abbaas & collected in al-Haakim &
others. Authenticated by Shaikh 'Alee ibn 'Abdul Hameed in Forty Hadith of the
Call and the Caller.
3. 'A man whose heart is attached to the mosques'
There is great encouragement in the Sunnah for men to pray in the mosques
and the reward associated with it is tremendous. Not only does it make the
person eligible for Allah's Shade on the day of Judgment, but, 'he does not
take a step towards the mosque except that because of it, he is raised by one
rank and one sin is removed from him. Then when he prays, the Angels do not
cease supplicating for him (for) as long as he remains at his place of Prayer
(sayings): O Allah send blessings upon him, O Allah have mercy upon him...'
(Abu Hurairah & collected in Sahih al-Bukhari (Eng. trans.) vol. 1
It must be emphasized here however, that all the Hadith encouraging the men
to be attached to the mosques are not intended to lead one to the conclusion
that Islam is a religion which should be confined to the mosques, as many
people imagine. Nonetheless, the mosque should be at the heart of the Muslim
community, and the role of those in authority of the mosques is vital here.
They are the ones mainly responsible for making the mosque a welcome refuge
for the Muslims, rather than an arena for politics and power struggles as many
seem to have become these days. And we seek Allah's refuge from this!
4. 'Two men who love each other for Allah's sake, meeting for that and
parting upon that'
Having mutual love for the sake of Allah is one of the great doors leading
to the good of the Hereafter and a cause of tasting the sweetness of Eemaan in
this world. Loving one another for Allah's sake means that the Muslim does not
love another except for the correctness of his Deen. So it does not matter
what the person looks like, what he wears, how rich or poor he is, where he
comes from, or what the color of his skin is - perhaps you dislike everything
about him, but you love him for his Eemaan: this is loving for Allah's sake.
'Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent says: 'Those who have mutual love for
the sake of My Glory will have pillars of light and will be envied the
Prophets and martyrs.' (Sahih - Collected in Sunan at-Tirmidhee & Musnad Ahmad: 5/336-7).
Subhan Allah! Imagine being envied by Allah's chosen Messengers and those
who were slain in His Path! Such is the reward of those who love one another
for Allah's sake.
5. 'A man who is called by a woman of beauty and position but he says: 'I
This world is full of temptations which lead to burning in the Fire and
amongst them is that which comes from women. Many a man has led his soul into
destruction on account of the lure of a woman which is why the Prophet warned
his Ummah specifically about this. He said, "The world is sweet and green and
verily Allah is going to install you as successors upon it in order to see how
you act. So avoid the allurement of women: verily the first trial for the
Children of Israa'eel was caused by women." (Aboo Sa'eed al-Khudree
& collected in Saheeh Muslim (Eng. trans.) vol.4, p.1432, no.6606)
The most important provision which we need to protect ourselves from this
and all other temptations in life is the fear (khawf) of Allah. This fact is
alluded to in the following Quranic Ayah: "And as for him who feared standing
before his Lord and restrained himself from impure evil desires, verily
Paradise will be his abode." (an- Naazi'aat:40-41)
6. 'A man who gives in charity and hides it, such that his left hand does
not know what his right hand gives in charity'
This describes the type of person who goes to great lengths to protect
himself from ar-Riyaa. Ar-Riyaa means to do deeds in order to earn the praise
and recognition of people. This sin destroys all the benefits that lie in
righteous deeds and brings on a serious punishment for the one who commits it.
It is particularly dangerous because it is in man's nature to desire and enjoy
the praise of others. Thus, great care has to be token to ensure that one's
intentions begin and remain pure whenever good actions (such as charity) are
being done. Not like what we see today where we have mosque notice boards
announcing who gave what to whom, why and when! Allah warns: "O you who
believe! Do not render vain your charity by reminders of your generosity or by
injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men and he does not
believe in Allah nor in the Last Day." (al-Baqarah:264). May Allah
preserve us from this.
7. 'A man who remembered Allah in private and so his eyes shed tears.'
Our noble Prophet (p.b.u.h.) informed us: "If you knew what l knew, you would laugh
little and weep much." (Aboo Hurairah and Anas & collected in
Saheeh al-Bukhari (Eng. trans.) vol.8, p.326-327, nos.492 and 493)
Crying is not a sissy thing to do. The Prophet, who was the best of all
creations, would weep as would all of his Companions. Tears are a genuine
expression of fear of Allah's Punishment and of our sincere love and awe of
Him. But how often do we remember Allah in seclusion and are then moved to
tears? How much do we laugh and how little do we weep? The Prophet said,
'There is nothing more beloved to Allah than two drops and two marks: A tear
shed due to fear of Allah, and a drop of blood spilled in the path of Allah.
And as for the two marks, then a mark caused in the path of Allah, and a mark
caused by fulfilling one of the duties made obligatory by Allah." (Hasan -
collected by at-Tirmidhee and al-Mishkaat: 3837)
Alhamdulillaah, through these seven types of people mentioned in the
Hadith, we have been given clear signposts of the way to attain Allah's
pleasure and satisfaction. So dear brothers and sisters in Eemaan, devote
yourself to being one amongst those seven, for indeed fortunate will be those
who are granted Allah's Shade on the Day when there will be no shade but His.