| It is necessary to understand the fundamental nature of a human being that he
is: weak, hasty, ignorant and unjust. He is also unappreciative, anxious,
obstructive, fearful, mean, stingy, and miserly. He loves to argue, arrogantly
ignores and turns away from his Lord in wealth and health, and despairs when in
poverty and sickness. He also rejoices and boasts when in wealth to other slaves
of Allah. He is never fed up or bored of asking for wealth. |
These characteristics are always present in one; however, they increase or
decrease, surface or fade away according to the upbringing and the amendment of
He is also afflicted with hardships, works industriously, and struggles
diligently all his life.
Allah the Most High says:
"Man is ever hasty." [Israa', 11]
"Mankind was created weak." [an-Nisaa', 28]
"Man was created of haste (i.e., impatience)." [al-Anbiyaa', 37]
"But man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant."
"Indeed man, to his Lord, is ungrateful." [al-Aadiyat, 6]
"Indeed, mankind was created anxious. When evil touches him, impatient, and
when good touches him, withholding [of it]." [al-Ma`arij, 19]
Anxiety is strength of impatience in states of affliction, and strength of
attachment to this world and holding onto it in states of blessings, fearing it
will diminish and slip away.
"Say: 'If you possessed the depositories of the mercy of my Lord, then you
would withhold out of fear of spending.' And ever has man been stingy."
"Indeed, mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful." [Ibrahim,
"But man has ever been, most of anything, [prone to] dispute."
"And when We bestow favor upon man [i.e. the disbeliever], he turns away
and distances himself; and when even touches him, he is ever despairing."
"No! [But] indeed, man transgresses because he sees himself
sufficient." [al-Alaq, 6-7]
"And if We give man a taste of mercy from Us and then We withdraw from Us
and then We withdraw it from him, indeed, he is despairing and ungrateful."
"Man is not weary of supplication for good [things], but if evil touches
him, he is hopeless and despairing." [Fussilat, 49]
That is, man does not get tired of supplicating for good, i.e. wealth and
"Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture." [al-Insan, 2]
"O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion
(i.e. striving throughout your life until you meet your Lord, hastening toward
death)." [al-Inshiqaq, 6]
Since these characteristics are in one's fundamental nature, then those who
overcame them and progressed ought to guide the ones that are constrained and
imprisoned by them, for they are in need of mercy, advice and rectification.
"You will not believe until you love for your brother what you love for
"So by mercy from Allah [O Muhammad], you were lenient with them. And if
you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from
about you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the
matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah." [Aal `Imran, 159]
كاتب المقال: Dr. Yahya al-Yahya