Ibn Jabal reported from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) that he said,
"Fear Allah wheresoever you may be, and follow up an evil deed with
a good one, it will efface it (the evil deed). And deal with mankind
with good manners." Reported by at-Tirmidhee and he said that it
was a Hasan hadeeth.
reports it in al-Mustadrak and states that it meets the conditions of
Bukhaaree and Muslim. Adh-Dhahabee agreed.]
This hadeeth is
one of the Forty Ahaadeeth of the author, may Allah have mercy upon him,
and in it is that the Prophet (SAW) gave three great and important
pieces of advice:
THE FIRST: He
said, "have taqwaa of Allah wheresoever you may be." Taqwaa
means to stay away from the forbidden matters and to enact the
obligatory matters – this is taqwaa! That you enact what Allah has
commanded you, sincerely for Allah and in compliance to the Messenger of
Allah (SAW), and that you leave what Allah has forbidden due to His
prohibiting it and to steer clear of it.
For example that
you establish the greatest obligation that Allah has imposed upon you
after the testimony of faith – the prayer, and you establish it
completely - fulfilling all of its conditions and pillars and
obligations, fulfilling all of these perfectly. So whosoever leaves off
any of these conditions, pillars or obligations then he has not feared
Allah (to the best of his ability), rather he has been deficient in this
to the extent of what he left out.
In Zakaah, the
Taqwaa of Allah lies in your calculating all of your property on which
the Zakaah is due, and your giving the Zakaah as a means of purifying
yourself without any miserliness or tightfistedness, or delay. And
whosoever does not do this than he has not feared Allah.
In fasting, the
Taqwaa of Allah lies in your establishing the fast as you have been
commanded, distancing yourself from idle speech, obscene words and
mannerisms, boisterous behavior, backbiting and spreading tales and
other such things that would make the fast deficient and remove the
spirit of fasting. The true meaning of fasting is to fast from that
which Allah, Azza wa Jall, has made forbidden. The same applies to all
of the obligations that are used to establish obedience to Allah, and
compliance to His command, sincerely for Him and in following His
Messenger. Likewise all the forbidden actions are to be left in
compliance to His prohibition.
"and follow up and evil deed with a good one, it will efface it
(the evil deed)." Meaning that when you perform an evil action then
follow it up with a good action for the good action effaces the evil.
And from the good actions to be performed after the evil is that you
repent to Allah for this evil action, for indeed repentance is from the
most noble and excellent of the good actions as Allah has said,
"indeed Allah Loves those who repent and those who purify
themselves." (2:222) And He said, "and repent to Allah all of
you, O believers so that you may be successful." (24:31)
righteous actions expiate the evil actions as the Prophet (SAW) said,
"the five daily prayers and one Jumu’ah to the next Jumu’ah,
and one Ramadan to the next Ramadan, is an expiation for what lies
between them as long as one refrains from the major sins."
[Muslim], and he said, "one Umrah to the next is an expiation for
what is between them." [Bukhaaree].
good actions efface the evil.
"and deal with mankind with good manners." The first two
pieces of advice were those related to relationship with the Creator,
this third relates to relationship of the creation to the creation. This
being to deal with mankind with the best manners such that you will be
praised and not blamed. This by having a cheerful complexion, being
truthful in speech, speaking to others nicely and other such good
There are a large
number of texts concerning the excellence of having good manners to the
extent that the Messenger (SAW) said, "the most complete believer
with respect to faith is the one with the best manners." And he
informed us that the most deserving of mankind to him (SAW) and the
closest to him in ranking on the Day of Judgment would be those with the
So noble manners,
along with their being a way to beautify gatherings and the person who
possesses them being beloved to the people, contain a huge reward which
will bestowed upon the person on the Day of Judgment.
So preserve these
three pieces of advice from the Prophet (SAW) and Allah is the Grantor
By: Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Salih al Uthaimeen