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(2690) What Has Been Related About That Seeking Permission Is Three Times

حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ وَكِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْأَعْلَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الْأَعْلَى، عَنِ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ اسْتَأْذَنَ أَبُو مُوسَى عَلَى عُمَرَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَأَدْخُلُ ؟ قَالَ عُمَرُ:‏‏‏‏ وَاحِدَةٌ ثُمَّ سَكَتَ سَاعَةً، ‏‏‏‏‏‏ثُمّ قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَأَدْخُلُ ؟ قَالَ عُمَرُ:‏‏‏‏ ثِنْتَانِ ثُمَّ سَكَتَ سَاعَةً، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَأَدْخُلُ ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ:‏‏‏‏ ثَلَاثٌ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لِلْبَوَّابِ:‏‏‏‏ مَا صَنَعَ ؟ قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ رَجَعَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ عَلَيَّ بِهِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُ قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ مَا هَذَا الَّذِي صَنَعْتَ ؟ قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ السُّنَّةُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ السُّنَّةُ ؟،‏‏‏‏ وَاللَّهِ لَتَأْتِيَنِّي عَلَى هَذَا بِبُرْهَانٍ أَوْ بِبَيِّنَةٍ أَوْ لَأَفْعَلَنَّ بِكَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ فَأَتَانَا وَنَحْنُ رُفْقَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ يَا مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْصَارِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَلَسْتُمْ أَعْلَمَ النَّاسِ رَسُولِ للَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؟ أَلَمْ يَقُلْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:‏‏‏‏ الِاسْتِئْذَانُ ثَلَاثٌ فَإِنْ أُذِنَ لَكَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَإِلَّا فَارْجِعْ فَجَعَلَ الْقَوْمُ يُمَازِحُونَهُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ:‏‏‏‏ ثُمَّ رَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ:‏‏‏‏ فَمَا أَصَابَكَ فِي هَذَا مِنَ الْعُقُوبَةِ فَأَنَا شَرِيكُكَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ فَأَتَى عُمَرَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ بِذَلِكَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ عُمَرُ:‏‏‏‏ مَا كُنْتُ عَلِمْتُ بِهَذَا،‏‏‏‏ وفي الباب عن عَلِيٍّ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَأُمِّ طَارِقٍ مَوْلَاةِ سَعْدٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى:‏‏‏‏ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَالْجُرَيْرِيُّ اسْمُهُ:‏‏‏‏ سَعِيدُ بْنُ إِيَاسٍ يُكْنَى:‏‏‏‏ أَبَا مَسْعُودٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَقَدْ رَوَى هَذَا غَيْرُهُ أَيْضًا عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَأَبُو نَضْرَةَ الْعَبْدِيُّ اسْمُهُ:‏‏‏‏ الْمُنْذِرُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ قُطَعَةَ.

SAHIH HADITH:

Narrated Abu Sa'eed: Abu Musa sought permission to enter upon 'Umar. He said: 'As-Salamu 'Alaykum (Peace be upon you). May I enter?' 'Umar said: 'Once.' Then he was silent for some time. Then he said: 'As-Salamu 'Alaykum (Peace be upon you). May I enter?' 'Umar said: Twice.' Then he was silent for some time. Then he said: 'As-salamu 'Alaykum (Peace be upon you). May I enter?' 'Umar said: 'Three times.' Then he (Abu Musa) left. 'Umar said to the gate-keeper: 'What did he do?' He replied: 'He left. He said: 'Bring him to me.' So when he came, 'Umar said to him: 'What is this that you have done?' He said: 'The Sunnah.' He said: 'The Sunnah? By Allah! You had better bring me proof or a witness to clarify this, or I will do this or that to you.' He said So he came to us while we were sitting with Ansar. He said: 'O People of the Ansar! Are you not the most knowledgeable people about the Ahadith of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)? Did the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) not say: Seeking permission is to be done three time. Either you are permitted, or other wise leave? The people began joking. Abu Sa'eed said: Then I raised my head toward him and said: Whatever punishment you are afflicted with because of this, then I shall be your partner in it. So he went to 'Umar to inform him him about it, and 'Umar said: I did not know about about this.

REFERENCE:

jami al tirmizi 5: Chapter 278, Hadith 2690

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