تنبيه

نحن في الباحث الإسلامي نبذل قصارى جهدنا في تقديم المعلومات والمواقع المناسبة. فإذا وجدت ما هو غير مناسب فلا تتردد في  الاتصال بنا

الموقع

الرجاء إدخال اسم الموقع الحالي
الرجاء إدخال الصحيحة قيم الطول خط العرض
الرجاء تحديد المنطقة الزمنية
الرجاء تحديد الصيفي تاريخ بدء
الرجاء تحديد النهار تاريخ انتهاء التوفير
حاسبة الصلاة

لتجربة أكثر سرعة ولتحصل على تحديثات يومية

×

لتجربة أكثر سرعة ولتحصل على تحديثات يومية

×

Prostration of Forgetfulness (Sujood Al-Sahw) during Prayer / Salat.

Sujood al-Sahw (Prostration of Forgetfulness)


Sujood Sahw refers to the prostrations of forgetfulness. There are instances in our Salat/Prayer when we commit some errors or forget to do something (which is supposedly a part of Salat/Prayer); such cases are dealt with Two Sujood Sahw (prostrations of forgetfulness).


Let us find out the correct way of dealing with such cases, according to Sunnah.


1. If we forget any part of Rakaat or a whole Rakaat during Prayer/Salat:

Narrated by Abdullah bin Buhaina Al-Asdi (RA): 

“Allah's Messenger (S.A.W.) stood up for the Zuhr prayer and he should have sat (after the second rak`a but he stood up for the third rak`a without sitting for Tashah-hud) and when he finished the prayer he performed two prostrations and said Takbir on each prostration while sitting, before ending (the prayer) with Taslim; and the people too performed the two prostrations with him instead of the sitting he forgot.” (Sahih Bukhari: 1230)


This hadith tells us that if we forget to pray At-Tahhiyat in second Rakaat of any prayer consisting of more than two Rakaat (i.e. Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib or Isha), we should do Sujood Sahw in last Rakaat before finishing the prayer with Taslim.


On similar lines, if someone forgets a whole Rakaat or more than a Rakaat, then again Sujood Sahw has to be performed. Refer to following hadith:


Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reported; The Prophet (S.A.W.) offered the noon prayer and he gave the salutation at the end of two rakahs. He was asked. Has the prayer been shortened? then he offered two rakahs of the prayer and made two prostrations (at the end of it). (Abu Dawud: 1014)


NOTE: In other similar narrations it is mentioned that he performed prostrations after Taslim.


2. If we pray additional Rakaat in Salat:

Narrated Abdullah (RA): 

Once Allah's Messenger (S.A.W.) offered five rak`at in the Zuhr prayer, and somebody asked him whether there was some increase in the prayer. Allah's Messenger (S.A.W.) said, "What is that?" He said, "You have offered five rak`at." So Allah's Messenger (S.A.W.) performed two prostrations of Sahu after Taslim. (Sahih Bukhari: 1226)

This narration tells us that the Prophet (S.A.W.) performed Sujood Sahw in this case after Taslim. The reason is simple, by the time he came to know that he has prayed additional Rakaat, he had completed his prayer. So he performed Sujood Sahw as soon as he came to know about his forgetfulness.


3. What to do when in doubt about how many Rakaat we have prayed while in Salat?

Forgetfulness is a normal thing which can happen with any human being. Shaitan/Satan/Devil leaves no stone unturned to keep our attentions diverted and distracted from good deeds. This is also one of those efforts of Devil/Shaitan and a Muslim is supposed to be well versed with the technique of combating these tactics of Devil/Shaitan.


If during a prayer any of us forgets which number of Rakaat is he/she is praying (or how many Rakaat he/she has completed by that time), then he/she is supposed to act according to following advice from our beloved Prophet (S.A.W.):


It was narrated from Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (R.A.) that:

‘The Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "If one of you does not know whether he prayed three or four (rak'ahs), let him pray a rak'ah then prostrate twice after that when he is sitting. Then if he prayed five (rak'ahs), they (the two prostrations) will make his prayer even-numbered, and if he had prayed four, they will annoy and humiliate the shaitan.”’ (An-Nasai: 1239)


Therefore, in case of doubt, one should act upon whatever is certain. For example, if one is not sure how many Rakaat he/she has performed, two or three and four or five, he/she should take the lesser number as the basis. Based on the number, he/she should proceed to perform the remaining Rakaat and complete the prayer by performing two prostrations (of Sahw).


4. Sujood Sahw is to be done before Taslim or after Taslim?

After going through all the narrations mentioned above, we come across two scenarios: in one case we come to know that Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) performed two prostrations before Taslim, while in other case he performed two prostrations after Taslim. Although, I see no point of confusion, still different views prevail about whether one should perform Sujood Sahw before or after Taslim?


Imam Shafi’s view is that the prostrations should be performed before Taslim. However, this view cannot be made universal as there are narrations which prove that the Prophet (S.A.W.) performed it after Taslim as well.


According to Imam Ahmad, whatever is reported from the Prophet (S.A.W.) about the prostrations for As-Sahw, is to be acted upon. It can be before Taslim or after Taslim, depending upon the cases as done by our beloved Prophet (S.A.W.). In cases where it is reported that the Prophet (S.A.W.) performed Sujood Sahw before Taslim, we should follow that way. For cases where it is reported that the Prophet (S.A.W.) performed Sujood Sahw after Taslim, we have to follow that way. In cases where nothing is reported about, then two prostrations should be followed before Taslim.


5. Sujood Sahw is accompanied by Takbir:

If we revert back to the Hadith mentioned in Section 1, we see that there is mention of Takbir (saying Allah-o-Akbar). Therefore, Takbir is to be said before performing Sujood Sahw.


6. Tashahhud is not recited after performing Sujood Sahw:

Narrated Salama bin Alqama (R.A.):

‘I asked Muhammad (bin Seereen) whether Tashah-hud should be recited after the two prostrations of Sahu. He replied, "It is not (mentioned) in Abu Huraira's narration."’ (Sahih Bukhari: 1228)

7. Sujood Sahw should be performed for Nawafil prayers also.

Imam Al-Bukhari has said in his Sahih Bukhari “Bab al-Sahw fi’l-fard wa’l-tatawwu’ [Chapter on forgetfulness in obligatory and voluntary (prayers)]. Ibn Abbas (R.A.) did two prostrations after Witr, and al-Haafiz said in al-Fath, commenting on the report of Ibn Abbas: this was narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah with a saheeh isnaad.

In the light is above mentioned Hadith, it is clear that Sujood Sahw should be performed if we commit an error during Nawafil prayers too.


8. How many prostrations are to be performed for forgetfulness?

No. of prostrations for forgetfulness are two. Some schools of thoughts state that only one prostration is done for forgetfulness. However, almost all the narrations regarding the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) action in this context refers to two prostrations (refer to all narrations mentioned in this discussion). Hence, two prostrations are to be performed.


9. It is wrong to say that Sujood Sahw cannot be performed if the person has talked after Salat.

Some schools of thoughts are of the view that Sujood Sahw can be performed only till we have not talked after Salat. This is not correct, as several of the narrations mentioned above (in Section 1 & Section 2) tell us that Rasool-Allah (S.A.W.) was reminded by others of his forgetfulness after he had completed his Salat and he talked to the persons who reminded him, confirmed his forgetfulness and then performed Sujood Sahw. Therefore, one is allowed to perform prostrations of forgetfulness even if he/she has talked after Salat.


Concluding remarks

To err is human. Therefore, it is natural that one may make mistakes; it can happen during Salat too. However, as discussed above, a Muslim should be well versed about how to amend his/her mistake during a prayer so as not to let the prayer be affected. We have discussed the actions of our beloved Prophet (S.A.W.) which all of are supposed to follow.


Remember, Sujood Sahw compensates for minor mistakes / errors / forgetfulness, like those mentioned in different narrations above. Bigger mistakes (like not reciting Surah Fatiha, or starting pray without Ablution (Wudu) etc.) should not be (or rather cannot be) compensated by Sujood Sahw.


Also, more than one error during a prayer does not require additional prostrations. One set of prostrations for forgetfulness is enough.


So, next time, when anyone of us commit any mistake (among those mentioned above), then he/she should not worry. Rather remember the procedure(s) for Sujood Sahw for each case and be assured.


And Allah knows best.


May Allah forgive me if I am wrong and guide us to the right path…Ameen.



1. Addition

    Of the Same Kind As Found In Salaah

      

    Causes of
    Sujood al-Sahw

    If One Remembers

    What To Do

    Do Sujood

    1. a- Additions in actions

    examples: 
    - Extra Rakaat
    - Extra Sujuud

    - During the addition

    - Stop doing this addition
    - Continue and finish Salat/Prayer
    Must do Sujood al-Sahw

    After Tasleem

    - Soon after Tasleem

    Must do Sujood al-Sahw

    After Tasleem

    - After long time 
    - Example 30 minutes

    - Salaah/Prayer is invalid

    Another example
    of addition in action:


    - Tasleem before end of Salaah/Prayer

    - During the addition

    - Stop doing this addition
    - Continue and finish Salat/Prayer
    - Must do Sujood al-Sahw

    After Tasleem

    - Soon after this Tasleem

    - Go back to sitting position
    - Stand up to do missing Rakaat
    - Do Tashahhud and Tasleem
    Must do Sujood al-Sahw

    After Tasleem

    - After long time 
    - Example 30 minutes

    - Salah/Prayer is invalid

    1. b - additions in sayings 
    example: "Subhaana Rabbiyal 'adheem" said in Sajda/Sujood

    - Soon after tasleem

    - Sunnah to do Sujood al-Sahw

    After Tasleem

    - After long time 
    - Example 30 minutes

    - Nothing upon him



      2. Omissions in Salaah/Prayer [Rukn (pillar), Wajib (obligation) and Sunnah]


      Causes of 
      Sujood al-Sahw

      If One Remembers

      What To Do

      Do Sujood

      2. a - Omissions of Rukn (pillar)

      some examples:
      - Omission of Surah Al-Fatiha
      - Omission of Rukuu
      - Omission of standing fully erect after doing Rukuu

      - Before reaching the place of the missing Rukn in the next Rakat

      - Return and do this missing Rukn
      - Build on this to complete Salat
      Must do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      - After reaching the place of the missing Rukn in the next Rakat

      Rakat with missed Rukn is cancelled and present Rakat replaces it
      - Build on this to complete Salat

      Must do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      - After Tasleem
      and omission is in last Rakat

      - Return and do this missing Rukn
      - Complete the Rakat
      - Make Tashahud and Tasleem
      Must do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      - After Tasleem
      and omission is not in last Rakat

      - Do a complete Rakat and Tasleem
      must do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      - After a long time
      - Example 30 minutes

      Salaah/Prayer is invalid

      .

      2. b - Omissions of 
      Wajib – (obligation)


      Example: 
      Omitting the first Tashahhud

      - When having determination to move but did not move yet

      - Return to do missing obligation
      (in this example it is Tashahhud)
      - Continue and finish Salat/Prayer

      No

      - When starting to move but did not finish to stand fully yet

      - Return to do missing obligation
      (in this example it is Tashahhud)
      - Continue and finish Salaah
      - Do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      - After finishing to stand up correctly

      - Return is forbidden
      - Continue and finish Salat/Prayer
      - Do Sujood al-Sahw

      Before Tasleem

      2. c- Omissions in Sunnah 
      saying or action

      - Before the Tasleem

      - Recommended only if this omitted Sunnah is a usual habit of this person

      Before Tasleem

      Rukn and Wajib  (Pillar and Obligation)

      Commonality -> deliberate omission of either one INVALIDATES Salat/Prayer

      Difference -> Omitted Rukn MUST be made up -- omitted Wajib is compensated by Sujood al-Sahw

       



      3. Doubt (Ash Shakk) wavering between two matters such that none has distinction over the other


      Causes of Sujood al-Sahw

      If One Remembers

      What To Do

      Do Sujood

      3. Doubt (Ash-Shakk)
      a - Without Preponderance
       
      Example: he doubts if he is in 3rd or in 4th Rakat of a 4 Rakat Salaah/Prayer

      - During Salaah/Prayer.

      Build up on certainty, i.e. the least, 
      and in this example it is the 3rd Rakat
      - Do the 4th Rakat and do Tashahud
      - Do Sujood al-Sahw

      Before Tasleem



      b - With Preponderance (Dhan)
      Example: doubt if he is in 3rd or 4th Rakat of a 4 Rakat Salat

      - During Salat/Prayer and 
      - There is preponderation this is the 3rd Rakat

      build up on the preponderation this is the 3rd Rakat
      - do the 4th Rakat and do Tashahud
      - do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      - During Salaah/Prayer and 
      - There is preponderation this is the 4th Rakat 

      Build up on the preponderation this is the 4th Rakat
      - Finish Salat/Prayer 
      - Do Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      Doubt is not to be considered in three situations ->

      1. When the doubts are frequent and due to whispering (Waswas)
      2. When it is a thought that came on the mind, delusion (Wahm)
      3. When the doubt arises AFTER the execution of the worship, unless there is certainty (Yaqeen)

      In principle the Salah/Prayer is complete because it was performed by a sane, fitting, legally responsible person and it is so unless the person is certain it was not complete and in this case he returns to what is certain 



      4. Different Situations (1. Droping of Sujood Al-Sahw, 2. Repetition of Forgetfulness and 3. other cases where there is no Sujood al-Sahw)


      Situations

      Cases

      What To Do

      Do Sujood

      a. Droping of Sujood al-Sahw

      1. If he remembers long time after Tasleem
      - example: 30 minutes

      2. If he nullifies his Wudhu after Salaah/Prayer

      3. If he begins doing another Salaah/Prayer
      - Two situations depending on the length of time between the two Salat/Prayer

      time is long -> - obligation drops

      No

      time is short ->
      - He may return to the first Salat
      - He does Sujood al-Sahw
      - Then he continues the 2nd Salat
      - He does Sujood al-Sahw

      Either before or after Tasleem in the 1st Salat

      After Tasleem in the 2nd Salaah

      4. if he leaves the mosque

      a - obligation drops

      No

      b - obligation remains
      - Imaam Ahmad (1)
      - Shaykh Ibn Taymiyah (2)

      See footnotes

      b. Repetition of forgetfulness in the same Salat/Prayer

      - in the same Salah, there are many mistakes requiring Sujood al-Sahw

      - Preponderating opinion ->
      one instance of Sujood al-Sahw

      Either before or 
      after Tasleem

      - a mistake requiring Sujood al-Sahw before Tasleem and
      - also a mistake requiring Sujood al-Sahw after Tasleem

      - first opinion -> 
      one instance of Sujood al-Sahw

      Before Tasleem (3)

      - a strong opinion -> 
      two instances of Sujood al-Sahw

      Before and also
      after Tasleem

      Sujood al-Sahw is NOT applicable in the following situations -> 
      - Funeral prayer, Janazah
      - Sujood of thankfulness
      - Sujood of recitation
      - Compensation for Sujood al-Sahw



      5. Ma-muum (follower of Imam from Beginning of Salah), Masbuuq (one joining late), Imaam and other situations



      Situations

      What To Do

      Do Sujood

      1. a - The Ma-muum
      He begins Salah with Imaam
      and Imaam makes a mistake

      - He follows the Imaam

      Follows Imaam

      1. b- the Ma-muum
      He begins Salah with Imaam
      and he makes a mistake

      - Imaam bears this for him

      ---

      2. a- The Masbuuq
      He joins Imaam late in Salah
      and he makes a mistake

      If his own mistake is AFTER he departed from Imaam
      - He completes his Salah/Prayer
      - He does Sujood al-Sahw

      Either after or before his own Tasleem

      2. b - The Masbuuq 

      He joins Imaam late in Salat
      and Imaam does Sujood al-Sahw
      before Tasleem

      - He follows Imaam in Sujood al-Sahw
      - then he completes his Salat/Prayer

      Follows Imaam

      If he did not stand up fully before Imaam makes Sujood al-Sahw
      - He must return and do Sujood al-Sahw with the Imaam
      - Then he completes his Salat/Prayer

      Follows Imaam

      if he is standing up fully before imaam makes sujuud as sahw 
      - he completes his salaah and he does sujuud as sahw

      After his own Tasleem

      2. c - The Masbuuq

      He joins Imaam late in Salat/Prayer
      and Imaam does Sujood al-Sahw
      after Tasleem 

      If he did NOT meet the Imaam in his mistake
      - He completes his Salah/Prayer

      ---

      If he MET the Imaam in his mistake
      - He completes his Salah/Prayer and he does Sujood al-Sahw

      After his own Tasleem

      if he does not know if he met or not the imaam in his mistake
      - he completes his salaah

      Sujood al-Sahw
      is not binding

      2. d - The Masbuuq 
      He joins Imaam late in Salat/Prayer 
      and Imaam makes a mistake

      Example: Imaam forgot a Rakat and he is alerted and returns
      - He joins the Imaam and prays with him
      - He completes his own Salat after the Imaam finishes his Salah/Prayer

      ---

      2. e - The Masbuuq 

      He forgot he joined late and he makes Tasleem with Imaam

      If he remembers
      - He completes his Salah/Prayer and he does Sujood al-Sahw

      After his own Tasleem

      He does not return to complete his Salat/Prayer
      His Salah/Prayer is invalid

      3. a - The Imaam
      He makes a mistake in the Sunnah of the Salat/Prayer and he is alerted

      Example: Imaam recite Al-Fatiha loud in a silent Salaah
      - Sujood al-Sahw  is not obligation
      - It is ok even if it is done before Tasleem

      After Tasleem
      is preferable

      3. b - The Imaam 
      He makes an extra Rakat and he is alerted

      If he returns, his Salaah/Prayer is valid

      After Tasleem

      If he does not return
      His Salaah/Prayer is invalid

      3. c - The Imaam

      He forgets the first Tashahud
      and is alerted when standing fully erect

      It is forbidden for him to return
      - He completes his Salat and he does Sujood al-Sahw

      Before Tasleem

      If he returns and he does not know it is forbidden
      - He had now made an addition in standing
      - He makes Sujood al-Sahw

      After Tasleem

      If he returns after standing fully erect and he knows it is forbidden
      His Salaah/Prayer is invalid

      4. A person enters Witr Prayer with intention of doing 2 + 1 Rakat

      If he forgets to say Tasleem after two Rakat
      - Witr can be prayed in three Rakat and there is nothing upon him

      No

      5. A person makes mistake in recitation

      - It does not change the format of Salah/Prayer, there is nothing upon him

      No


          1. One narration by Imam Ahmad saying he does the Sujood al-Sahw whether the separation was long or short.
          2. One opinion by Shaykh Ibn Taymiyah saying the Sujood al-Sahw continues even after a long separation.
          3. The Sujood al-Sahw is preferably before Tasleem because it is more part of Salaah/Prayer.




          Source: http://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/prostrationforget.html

          Contact Us

          Thanks for reaching out. We'll get back to you soon.

          سياسة الخصوصية الجديدة الخاصة بنا

          We have updated our privacy policies according to CCPA and GDPR rules and regulations for Californian and EU citizens respectively. If you continue using our website, then you have agreed to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

           أو  معلومات أكثر

          Improve your location’s accuracy

          Sometimes we might have trouble finding where you are located. Having your current location will help us to get you more accurate prayer times and nearby Islamic places. Here are some things you can do to help fix the problem.

          1. In the top right, click More
          2. Click Settings and then Show advanced settings.
          3. In the "Privacy" section, click Content settings.
            1. In the dialog that appears, scroll down to the "Location" section. Select one of these permissions:
            2. Allow all sites to track your physical location: Select this option to let all sites automatically see your location.
            3. Ask when a site tries to track your physical location: Select this option if you want Google Chrome to alert you whenever a site wants to see your location.
            4. Do not allow any site to track your physical location: Select this option if don't want any sites to see your location.
          4. Click Done.
          1. Open System Preferences and then Security & Privacy Preferences and then Privacy and then Location Services.
          2. To allow for changes, click the lock in the bottom left.
          3. Check "Enable Location Services."
          1. Turn on location
            1. On your phone or tablet, open the Settings app.
            2. Tap Location.
            3. At the top, switch location on.
            4. Tap Mode and then High accuracy.
            If you still get an error when you open IslamicFinder, follow the step 2.
          2. Open Chrome
            1. In the top right, tap More
            2. Tap Settings.
            3. Under "Advanced", tap Site Settings
            4. Tap Location. If you see a toggle, make sure it turned on and blue.
              1. If you see "Location access is turned off for this device," tap the blue words > on the next Settings screen, tap the toggle to turn on location access.
              2. If you see "blocked" under "Location," tap Blocked > tap IslamicFinder > Clear & reset.
            5. Open IslamicFinder in your mobile browser and refresh the web page
            If you're using a browser other than Chrome, visit your browser's help center by visiting their website.
          1. Turn on location
            1. Open Settings app.
            2. Tap Privacy > Location Services > Safari Websites.
            3. Under "Allow Location Access," tap While Using the app.
          2. Give current location access on your browser
              Safari
            1. Open settings app.
            2. Tap General > Reset.
            3. Tap Reset Location & Privacy.
            4. If prompted, enter your passcode.
            5. You will see a message that says "This will reset your location and privacy settings to factory defaults." Tap Reset Settings.
            6. Open Safari
            7. Go to IslamicFinder
            8. To give Safari access to your location, tap Allow or OK
            9. To give IslamicFinder access to your location, tap OK
          3. If you are using a browser other than Safari, visit your browser's help center by visiting their website.