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(2885) What Has Been Related About Teaching The Knowledge Of Inheritance

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As: The Prophet صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم said: Knowledge has three categories; anything else is extra; a precise verse, or an established sunnah (practice), or a firm obligatory duty.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2885

READ HADITH 2885 WITH ARABIC

(2886) Regarding Al-Kalalah

Narrated Jabir: I fell ill, and the Prophet صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم and Abu Bakr came to me on foot to visit me. As I was unconscious, I could not speak to him. He performed ablution and sprinkled water on me ; so I became conscious. I said: Messenger of Allah, how should I do in my property, as I have sisters? Thereafter the verse about inheritance was revealed: They ask thee for legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2886

READ HADITH 2886 WITH ARABIC

(2887) A Person Who Has No Son But He Has Sisters

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: I fell ill, and I had seven sisters. The Messenger of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم came to me and blew on my face. So I became conscious. I said: Messenger of Allah, may I not bequeath one-third of my property to my sisters? He replied: Do good. I asked: Half? He replied: Do good. He then went out and left me, and said: I do not think, Jabir, you will die of this disease. Allah has revealed (verses) and described the share of your sisters. He appointed two-thirds for them. Jabir used to say: This verse was revealed about me: They ask thee for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2887

READ HADITH 2887 WITH ARABIC

(2888) A Person Who Has No Son But He Has Sisters

Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib: The last verse revealed about the decease who left no descendants or ascendants: They ask thee for the legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2888

READ HADITH 2888 WITH ARABIC

(2889) A Person Who Has No Son But He Has Sisters

Narrated Al-Bara ibn Azib: A man came to the Prophet صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم and said: Messenger of Allah, they ask thee for a legal decision about a kalalah. What is meant by kalalah? He replied: The verse revealed in summer is sufficient for you. I asked Abu Ishaq: Does it mean a person who dies and leaves neither children nor father? He said: This is so. The people think it is so.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2889

READ HADITH 2889 WITH ARABIC

(2890) What Has Been Related About The Inheritance For Descendants

Narrated Huzail bin Shurahbil al-Awadi: A man came to Abu Musa al-Ashari and Salman bin Rabiah, and asked about a case where there were a daughter, a son's daughter and full sister. They replied: The daughter gets half and the full gets half. The son's daughter gets nothing. Go to Ibn Masud and you will find that he agrees with me. So the man came to him and informed him about their opinion. He said: I would then be in error and not be one of those who are rightly guided. But I decide concerning the matter as the Messenger of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم did: The daughter gets half, and the son's daughter gets a share which complete thirds (i. e. gets a sixth), and what remain to the full sister.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2890

READ HADITH 2890 WITH ARABIC

(2891) What Has Been Related About The Inheritance For Descendants

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: We went out with the Messenger of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم and came to a woman of the Ansar in al-Aswaf. The woman brought her two daughters, and said: Messenger of Allah, these are the daughters of Thabit ibn Qays who was killed as a martyr when he was with you at the battle of Uhud, their paternal uncle has taken all their property and inheritance, and he has not left anything for them. What do you think, Messenger of Allah? They cannot be married unless they have some property. The Messenger of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم said: Allah will decide regarding the matter. Then the verse of Surat an-Nisa was revealed: Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance). Messenger of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم said: Call to me the woman and her husband's brother. He then said to their paternal uncle: Give them two-thirds and their mother an eighth, and what remains is yours. Abu Dawud said: The narrator Bishr made a mistake. They were the daughters of Saad bin al-Rabi for Thabit bin Qais was killed in the battle of Yamamah.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2891

READ HADITH 2891 WITH ARABIC

(2892) What Has Been Related About The Inheritance For Descendants

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah: The wife of Saad bin al-Rabi said: Messenger of Allah, Saad died and left two daughters. He then narrated the rest of the tradition in a similar way. Abu Dawud said: This is the most correct tradition.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2892

READ HADITH 2892 WITH ARABIC

(2893) What Has Been Related About The Inheritance For Descendants

Narrated Al-Aswad bin Yazid: Muadh bin Jabal gave shares of inheritance to a sister and a daughter. He gave each of them half. He was at Yemen while the Prophet صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم was alive.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2893

READ HADITH 2893 WITH ARABIC

(2894) Regarding The Grandmother

Narrated Qabisah ibn Dhuwayb: A grandmother came to Abu Bakr asking him for her share of inheritance. He said: There is nothing prescribed for you in Allah's Book, nor do I know anything for you in the Sunnah of the Prophet of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم Go home till I question the people. He then questioned the people, and al-Mughirah ibn Shubah said: I had been present with the Messenger of Allah صلی ‌اللہ ‌علیہ ‌وسلم when he gave grandmother a sixth. Abu Bakr said: Is there anyone with you? Muhammad ibn Maslamah stood and said the same as al-Mughirah ibn Shubah had said. So Abu Bakr made it apply to her. Another grandmother came to Umar ibn al-Khattab asking him for her share of inheritance. He said: Nothing has been prescribed for you in Allah's Book. The decision made before you was made for a grandmother other than you. I am not going to add in the shares of inheritance; but it is that sixth. If there are two of you, it is shared between you, but whichever of you is the only one left gets it all.

REFERENCE:

sunan abu dawood 3: Chapter 19, Hadith 2894

READ HADITH 2894 WITH ARABIC

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