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(4978) How the Divine Revelation used to be revealed and what was the first thing revealed (to the Messenger )

Narrated `Aisha and Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet remained in Mecca for ten years, during which the Qur'an used to be revealed to him; and he stayed in Medina for ten years.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4978

READ HADITH 4978 WITH ARABIC

(4979) How the Divine Revelation used to be revealed and what was the first thing revealed (to the Messenger )

Narrated `Aisha and Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet remained in Mecca for ten years, during which the Qur'an used to be revealed to him; and he stayed in Medina for ten years.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4979

READ HADITH 4979 WITH ARABIC

(4980) How the Divine Revelation used to be revealed and what was the first thing revealed (to the Messenger )

Narrated Abu `Uthman: I was informed that Gabriel came to the Prophet while Um Salama was with him. Gabriel started talking (to the Prophet). Then the Prophet asked Um Salama, Who is this? She replied, He is Dihya (al-Kalbi). When Gabriel had left, Um Salama said, By Allah, I did not take him for anybody other than him (i.e. Dihya) till I heard the sermon of the Prophet wherein he informed about the news of Gabriel. The subnarrator asked Abu `Uthman: From whom have you heard that? Abu `Uthman said: From Usama bin Zaid.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4980

READ HADITH 4980 WITH ARABIC

(4981) How the Divine Revelation used to be revealed and what was the first thing revealed (to the Messenger )

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, Every Prophet was given miracles because of which people believed, but what I have been given, is Divine Inspiration which Allah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4981

READ HADITH 4981 WITH ARABIC

(4982) How the Divine Revelation used to be revealed and what was the first thing revealed (to the Messenger )

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah sent down His Divine Inspiration to His Apostle continuously and abundantly during the period preceding his death till He took him unto Him. That was the period of the greatest part of revelation; and Allah's Apostle died after that.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4982

READ HADITH 4982 WITH ARABIC

(4983) How the Divine Revelation used to be revealed and what was the first thing revealed (to the Messenger )

Narrated Jundub: Once the Prophet fell ill and did not offer the night prayer (Tahajjud prayer) for a night or two. A woman (the wife of Abu Lahab) came to him and said, O Muhammad ! I do not see but that your Satan has left you. Then Allah revealed (Surat-Ad-Duha): 'By the fore-noon, and by the night when it darkens (or is still); Your Lord has not forsaken you, nor hated you.' (93)

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4983

READ HADITH 4983 WITH ARABIC

(4984) The Quran was revealed in the language of Quraish and the Arabs. ...An Arabic Quran... (V.12:2) In the plain Arabic language. (V.26:195)

Narrated Anas bin Malik: (The Caliph `Uthman ordered Zaid bin Thabit, Sa`id bin Al-As, `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair and `Abdur- Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham to write the Qur'an in the form of a book (Mushafs) and said to them. In case you disagree with Zaid bin Thabit (Al-Ansari) regarding any dialectic Arabic utterance of the Qur'an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish, for the Qur'an was revealed in this dialect. So they did it.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4984

READ HADITH 4984 WITH ARABIC

(4985) The Quran was revealed in the language of Quraish and the Arabs. ...An Arabic Quran... (V.12:2) In the plain Arabic language. (V.26:195)

Narrated Safwan bin Ya`la bin Umaiya: Ya`la used to say, I wish I could see Allah's Apostle at the time he is being inspired Divinely. When the Prophet was at Al-Ja'rana and was shaded by a garment hanging over him and some of his companions were with him, a man perfumed with scent came and said, O Allah's Apostle! What is your opinion regarding a man who assumes Ihram and puts on a cloak after perfuming his body with scent? The Prophet waited for a while, and then the Divine Inspiration descended upon him. `Umar pointed out to Ya`la, telling him to come. Ya`la came and pushed his head (underneath the screen which was covering the Prophet ) and behold! The Prophet's face was red and he kept on breathing heavily for a while and then he was relieved. Thereupon he said, Where is the questioner who asked me about `Umra a while ago? The man was sought and then was brought before the Prophet who said (to him), As regards the scent which you perfumed your body with, you must wash it off thrice, and as for your cloak, you must take it off; and then perform in your `Umra all those things which you perform in Hajj.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4985

READ HADITH 4985 WITH ARABIC

(4986) The collection of the Quran

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Abu Bakr As-Siddiq sent for me when the people! of Yamama had been killed (i.e., a number of the Prophet's Companions who fought against Musailama). (I went to him) and found `Umar bin Al- Khattab sitting with him. Abu Bakr then said (to me), `Umar has come to me and said: Casualties were heavy among the Qurra' of the! Qur'an (i.e. those who knew the Qur'an by heart) on the day of the Battle of Yalmama, and I am afraid that more heavy casualties may take place among the Qurra' on other battlefields, whereby a large part of the Qur'an may be lost. Therefore I suggest, you (Abu Bakr) order that the Qur'an be collected. I said to `Umar, How can you do something which Allah's Apostle did not do? `Umar said, By Allah, that is a good project. `Umar kept on urging me to accept his proposal till Allah opened my chest for it and I began to realize the good in the idea which `Umar had realized. Then Abu Bakr said (to me). 'You are a wise young man and we do not have any suspicion about you, and you used to write the Divine Inspiration for Allah's Apostle. So you should search for (the fragmentary scripts of) the Qur'an and collect it in one book). By Allah If they had ordered me to shift one of the mountains, it would not have been heavier for me than this ordering me to collect the Qur'an. Then I said to Abu Bakr, How will you do something which Allah's Apostle did not do? Abu Bakr replied, By Allah, it is a good project. Abu Bakr kept on urging me to accept his idea until Allah opened my chest for what He had opened the chests of Abu Bakr and `Umar. So I started looking for the Qur'an and collecting it from (what was written on) palmed stalks, thin white stones and also from the men who knew it by heart, till I found the last Verse of Surat at-Tauba (Repentance) with Abi Khuza`ima Al-Ansari, and I did not find it with anybody other than him. The Verse is: 'Verily there has come unto you an Apostle (Muhammad) from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty..(till the end of Surat-Baraa' (at-Tauba) (9.128-129) Then the complete manuscripts (copy) of the Qur'an remained with Abu Bakr till he died, then with `Umar till the end of his life, and then with Hafsa, the daughter of `Umar.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4986

READ HADITH 4986 WITH ARABIC

(4987) The collection of the Quran

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman came to `Uthman at the time when the people of Sham and the people of Iraq were Waging war to conquer Arminya and Adharbijan. Hudhaifa was afraid of their (the people of Sham and Iraq) differences in the recitation of the Qur'an, so he said to `Uthman, O chief of the Believers! Save this nation before they differ about the Book (Qur'an) as Jews and the Christians did before. So `Uthman sent a message to Hafsa saying, Send us the manuscripts of the Qur'an so that we may compile the Qur'anic materials in perfect copies and return the manuscripts to you. Hafsa sent it to `Uthman. `Uthman then ordered Zaid bin Thabit, `Abdullah bin AzZubair, Sa`id bin Al-As and `AbdurRahman bin Harith bin Hisham to rewrite the manuscripts in perfect copies. `Uthman said to the three Quraishi men, In case you disagree with Zaid bin Thabit on any point in the Qur'an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish, the Qur'an was revealed in their tongue. They did so, and when they had written many copies, `Uthman returned the original manuscripts to Hafsa. `Uthman sent to every Muslim province one copy of what they had copied, and ordered that all the other Qur'anic materials, whether written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole copies, be burnt.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 67, Hadith 4987

READ HADITH 4987 WITH ARABIC

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