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(1891) Fasting is obligatory in (the month of) Ramadan

Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaidullah: A bedouin with unkempt hair came to Allah's Apostle and said, O Allah's Apostle! Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards the prayers. He replied: You have to offer perfectly the five compulsory prayers in a day and night (24 hours), unless you want to pray Nawafil. The bedouin further asked, Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards fasting. He replied, You have to fast during the whole month of Ramadan, unless you want to fast more as Nawafil. The bedouin further asked, Tell me how much Zakat Allah has enjoined on me. Thus, Allah's Apostle informed him about all the rules (i.e. fundamentals) of Islam. The bedouin then said, By Him Who has honored you, I will neither perform any Nawafil nor will I decrease what Allah has enjoined on me. Allah's Apostle said, If he is saying the truth, he will succeed (or he will be granted Paradise).

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1891

READ HADITH 1891 WITH ARABIC

(1892) Fasting is obligatory in (the month of) Ramadan

Narrated Ibn `Umar: The Prophet observed the fast on the 10th of Muharram ('Ashura), and ordered (Muslims) to fast on that day, but when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of the 'Ashura' was abandoned. `Abdullah did not use to fast on that day unless it coincided with his routine fasting by chance.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1892

READ HADITH 1892 WITH ARABIC

(1893) Fasting is obligatory in (the month of) Ramadan

Narrated `Aisha: (The tribe of) Quraish used to fast on the day of Ashura' in the Pre-Islamic period, and then Allah's Apostle ordered (Muslims) to fast on it till the fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed; whereupon the Prophet said, He who wants to fast (on 'Ashura') may fast, and he who does not want to fast may not fast.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1893

READ HADITH 1893 WITH ARABIC

(1894) The superiority of As-Saum (the fasting)

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, 'I am fasting. The Prophet added, By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting person), 'He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1894

READ HADITH 1894 WITH ARABIC

(1895) As-Saum (the fasting) is an expiation (for sins)

Narrated Abu Wail from Hudhaifa: `Umar asked the people, Who remembers the narration of the Prophet about the affliction? Hudhaifa said, I heard the Prophet saying, 'The affliction of a person in his property, family and neighbors is expiated by his prayers, fasting, and giving in charity. `Umar said, I do not ask about that, but I ask about those afflictions which will spread like the waves of the sea. Hudhaifa replied, There is a closed gate in front of those afflictions. `Umar asked, Will that gate be opened or broken? He replied, It will be broken. `Umar said, Then the gate will not be closed again till the Day of Resurrection. We said to Masruq, Would you ask Hudhaifa whether `Umar knew what that gate symbolized? He asked him and he replied He (`Umar) knew it as one knows that there will be night before tomorrow, morning.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1895

READ HADITH 1895 WITH ARABIC

(1896) Ar-Raiyan (one of the gates of Paradise) is for people observing Saum (fast) people

Narrated Sahl: The Prophet said, There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it. It will be said, 'Where are those who used to observe fasts?' They will get up, and none except them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1896

READ HADITH 1896 WITH ARABIC

(1897) Ar-Raiyan (one of the gates of Paradise) is for people observing Saum (fast) people

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, Whoever gives two kinds (of things or property) in charity for Allah's Cause, will be called from the gates of Paradise and will be addressed, 'O slaves of Allah! Here is prosperity.' So, whoever was amongst the people who used to offer their prayers, will be called from the gate of the prayer; and whoever was amongst the people who used to participate in Jihad, will be called from the gate of Jihad; and whoever was amongst those who used to observe fasts, will be called from the gate of Ar-Raiyan; whoever was amongst those who used to give in charity, will be called from the gate of charity. Abu Bakr said, Let my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Apostle! No distress or need will befall him who will be called from those gates. Will there be any one who will be called from all these gates? The Prophet replied, Yes, and I hope you will be one of them.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1897

READ HADITH 1897 WITH ARABIC

(1898) Should it be said “Ramadan” or “the month of Ramadam?” And whoever thinks that both are permissible

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, When Ramadan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1898

READ HADITH 1898 WITH ARABIC

(1899) Should it be said “Ramadan” or “the month of Ramadam?” And whoever thinks that both are permissible

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1899

READ HADITH 1899 WITH ARABIC

(1900) Should it be said “Ramadan” or “the month of Ramadam?” And whoever thinks that both are permissible

Narrated Ibn `Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, When you see the crescent (of the month of Ramadan), start fasting, and when you see the crescent (of the month of Shawwal), stop fasting; and if the sky is overcast (and you can't see it) then regard the month of Ramadan as of 30 days.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 31, Hadith 1900

READ HADITH 1900 WITH ARABIC

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