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(3156) Al-Jizya (i.e., tax taken from all non-Muslims living under the protection of Islamic state) taken from the Dhimmi, and the stoppage of war for a while with the enemies

Narrated `Amr bin Dinar: I was sitting with Jabir bin Zaid and `Amr bin Aus, and Bjalla was narrating to them in 70 A.H. the year when Mus`ab bin Az-Zubair was the leader of the pilgrims of Basra. We were sitting at the steps of Zamzam well and Bajala said, I was the clerk of Juz bin Muawiya, Al-Ahnaf's paternal uncle. A letter came from `Umar bin Al-Khattab one year before his death; and it was read:-- Cancel every marriage contracted among the Magians between relatives of close kinship (marriages that are regarded illegal in Islam: a relative of this sort being called Dhu-Mahram.) `Umar did not take the Jizya from the Magian infidels till.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3156

READ HADITH 3156 WITH ARABIC

(3157) Al-Jizya (i.e., tax taken from all non-Muslims living under the protection of Islamic state) taken from the Dhimmi, and the stoppage of war for a while with the enemies

Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf testified that Allah's Apostle had taken the Jizya from the Magians of Hajar.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3157

READ HADITH 3157 WITH ARABIC

(3158) Al-Jizya (i.e., tax taken from all non-Muslims living under the protection of Islamic state) taken from the Dhimmi, and the stoppage of war for a while with the enemies

Narrated `Amr bin `Auf Al-Ansari: (who was an ally of Bam `Amr bin Lu'ai and one of those who had taken part in (the Ghazwa of) Badr): Allah's Apostle sent Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarreh to Bahrain to collect the Jizya. Allah's Apostle had established peace with the people of Bahrain and appointed Al-`Ala' bin Al-Hadrami as their governor. When Abu 'Ubaida came from Bahrain with the money, the Ansar heard of Abu 'Ubaida's arrival which coincided with the time of the morning prayer with the Prophet. When Allah's Apostle led them in the morning prayer and finished, the Ansar approached him, and he looked at them and smiled on seeing them and said, I feel that you have heard that Abu. 'Ubaida has brought something? They said, Yes, O Allah's Apostle' He said, Rejoice and hope for what will please you! By Allah, I am not afraid of your poverty but I am afraid that you will lead a life of luxury as past nations did, whereupon you will compete with each other for it, as they competed for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed them.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3158

READ HADITH 3158 WITH ARABIC

(3159) Al-Jizya (i.e., tax taken from all non-Muslims living under the protection of Islamic state) taken from the Dhimmi, and the stoppage of war for a while with the enemies

Narrated Jubair bin Haiya: `Umar sent the Muslims to the great countries to fight the pagans. When Al-Hurmuzan embraced Islam, `Umar said to him. I would like to consult you regarding these countries which I intend to invade. Al-Hurmuzan said, Yes, the example of these countries and their inhabitants who are the enemies. of the Muslims, is like a bird with a head, two wings and two legs; If one of its wings got broken, it would get up over its two legs, with one wing and the head; and if the other wing got broken, it would get up with two legs and a head, but if its head got destroyed, then the two legs, two wings and the head would become useless. The head stands for Khosrau, and one wing stands for Caesar and the other wing stands for Faris. So, order the Muslims to go towards Khosrau. So, `Umar sent us (to Khosrau) appointing An-Nu`man bin Muqrin as our commander. When we reached the land of the enemy, the representative of Khosrau came out with forty-thousand warriors, and an interpreter got up saying, Let one of you talk to me! Al-Mughira replied, Ask whatever you wish. The other asked, Who are you? Al-Mughira replied, We are some people from the Arabs; we led a hard, miserable, disastrous life: we used to suck the hides and the date stones from hunger; we used to wear clothes made up of fur of camels and hair of goats, and to worship trees and stones. While we were in this state, the Lord of the Heavens and the Earths, Elevated is His Remembrance and Majestic is His Highness, sent to us from among ourselves a Prophet whose father and mother are known to us. Our Prophet, the Messenger of our Lord, has ordered us to fight you till you worship Allah Alone or give Jizya (i.e. tribute); and our Prophet has informed us that our Lord says:-- Whoever amongst us is killed (i.e. martyred), shall go to Paradise to lead such a luxurious life as he has never seen, and whoever amongst us remain alive, shall become your master. (Al-Mughira, then blamed An-Nu`man for delaying the attack and) .

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3159

READ HADITH 3159 WITH ARABIC

(3160) Al-Jizya (i.e., tax taken from all non-Muslims living under the protection of Islamic state) taken from the Dhimmi, and the stoppage of war for a while with the enemies

An-Nu' man said to Al-Mughira, If you had participated in a similar battle, in the company of Allah's Apostle he would not have blamed you for waiting, nor would he have disgraced you. But I accompanied Allah's Apostle in many battles and it was his custom that if he did not fight early by daytime, he would wait till the wind had started blowing and the time for the prayer was due (i.e. after midday).

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3160

READ HADITH 3160 WITH ARABIC

(3161) If the Imam concludes a truce with the king of a country, will peace be observed in regard to all the people of that country?

Narrated Abu Humaid As-Saidi: We accompanied the Prophet in the Ghazwa of Tabuk and the king of 'Aila presented a white mule and a cloak as a gift to the Prophet. And the Prophet wrote to him a peace treaty allowing him to keep authority over his country.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3161

READ HADITH 3161 WITH ARABIC

(3162) The advice to take care of non-Muslims who have a covenant of Allah's Messenger (p.b.u.h)

Narrated Juwairiya bin Qudama at-Tamimi: We said to `Umar bin Al-Khattab, Jo Chief of the believers! Advise us. He said, I advise you to fulfill Allah's Convention (made with the Dhimmis) as it is the convention of your Prophet and the source of the livelihood of your dependents (i.e. the taxes from the Dhimmis.)

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3162

READ HADITH 3162 WITH ARABIC

(3163) What grants the Prophet (p.b.u.h) gave from the land of Bahrain, and what he promised to give (some people) from the Bahrain money resources and from Al-Jizya. And to whom should the Fai (i.e., booty gained without fight) and the Jizya be distributed?

Narrated Yahya bin Sa`id: Once the Prophet called the Ansar in order to grant them part of the land of Bahrain. On that they said, No! By Allah, we will not accept it unless you grant a similar thing to our Quarries brothers as well. He said, That will be their's if Allah wishes. But when the Ansar persisted in their request, he said, After me you will see others given preference over you in this respect (in which case) you should be patient till you meet me at the Tank (of Al-Kauthar).

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3163

READ HADITH 3163 WITH ARABIC

(3164) What grants the Prophet (p.b.u.h) gave from the land of Bahrain, and what he promised to give (some people) from the Bahrain money resources and from Al-Jizya. And to whom should the Fai (i.e., booty gained without fight) and the Jizya be distributed?

Narrated Jabir bin `Abdullah: Allah's Apostle once said to me, If the revenue of Bahrain came, I would give you this much and this much. When Allah's Apostle had died, the revenue of Bahrain came, and Abu Bakr announced, Let whoever was promised something by Allah's Apostle come to me. So, I went to Abu Bakr and said, Allah's Apostle said to me, 'If the revenue of Bahrain came, I would give you this much and this. much. On that Abu Bakr said to me, Scoop (money) with both your hands. I scooped money with both my hands and Abu Bakr asked me to count it. I counted it and it was five-hundred (gold pieces). The total amount he gave me was one thousand and five hundred (gold pieces.)

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3164

READ HADITH 3164 WITH ARABIC

(3165) What grants the Prophet (p.b.u.h) gave from the land of Bahrain, and what he promised to give (some people) from the Bahrain money resources and from Al-Jizya. And to whom should the Fai (i.e., booty gained without fight) and the Jizya be distributed?

Narrated Anas: Money from Bahrain was brought to the Prophet . He said, Spread it in the Mosque. It was the biggest amount that had ever been brought to Allah's Apostle . In the meantime Al-`Abbas came to him and said, O Allah's Apostle! Give me, for I gave the ransom of myself and `Aqil. The Prophet said (to him), Take. He scooped money with both hands and poured it in his garment and tried to lift it, but he could not and appealed to the Prophet, Will you order someone to help me in lifting it? The Prophet said, No. Then Al-`Abbas said, Then will you yourself help me carry it? The Prophet said, No. Then Al `Abbas threw away some of the money, but even then he was not able to lift it, and so he gain requested the Prophet Will you order someone to help me carry it? The Prophet said, No. Then Al-`Abbas said, Then will you yourself yelp me carry it? The Prophet said, 'No. So, Al-`Abbas threw away some more money and lifted it on his shoulder and went away. The Prophet kept on looking at him with astonishment at his greediness till he went out of our sight. Allah's Apostle did not get up from there till not a single Dirham remained from that money.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 59, Hadith 3165

READ HADITH 3165 WITH ARABIC

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