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(135) No Salat (prayer) is accepted without ablution (i.e. to remove, the small Hadath by ablution or the big Hadath by taking a bath)

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, The prayer of a person who does Hadath (passes urine, stool or wind) is not accepted till he performs the ablution. A person from Hadaramout asked Abu Huraira, What is 'Hadath'? Abu Huraira replied, 'Hadath' means the passing of wind.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 135

READ HADITH 135 WITH ARABIC

(136) The superiority of ablution. And Al-Ghurr-ul-Muhajjalun (the parts of the body of the Muslims washed in ablution will shine on the Day of Resurrection and the angels will call them by that name) from the traces of ablution

Narrated Nu`am Al-Mujmir: Once I went up the roof of the mosque, along with Abu Huraira. He perform ablution and said, I heard the Prophet saying, On the Day of Resurrection, my followers will be called Al-Ghurr-ul- Muhajjalun from the trace of ablution and whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so (i.e. by performing ablution regularly).'

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 136

READ HADITH 136 WITH ARABIC

(137) One should not repeat ablution if in doubt unless and until he is convinced (that he has lost his ablution by having Hadath)

Narrated `Abbas bin Tamim: My uncle asked Allah's Apostle about a person who imagined to have passed wind during the prayer. Allah' Apostle replied: He should not leave his prayers unless he hears sound or smells something.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 137

READ HADITH 137 WITH ARABIC

(138) To perform a light ablution

Narrated Kuraib: Ibn `Abbas said, The Prophet slept till he snored and then prayed (or probably lay till his breath sounds were heard and then got up and prayed). Ibn `Abbas added: I stayed overnight in the house of my aunt, Maimuna, the Prophet slept for a part of the night, (See Fath-al-Bari page 249, Vol. 1), and late in the night, he got up and performed ablution from a hanging water skin, a light (perfect) ablution and stood up for the prayer. I, too, performed a similar ablution, then I went and stood on his left. He drew me to his right and prayed as much as Allah wished, and again lay and slept till his breath sounds were heard. Later on the Mu'adh-dhin (call maker for the prayer) came to him and informed him that it was time for Prayer. The Prophet went with him for the prayer without performing a new ablution. (Sufyan said to `Amr that some people said, The eyes of Allah's Apostle sleep but his heart does not sleep. `Amr replied, I heard `Ubaid bin `Umar saying that the dreams of Prophets were Divine Inspiration, and then he recited the verse: 'I (Abraham) see in a dream, (O my son) that I offer you in sacrifice (to Allah). (37.102) (See Hadith No. 183)

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 138

READ HADITH 138 WITH ARABIC

(139) The completion (or perfection) of ablution (one should wash all the parts perfectly)

Narrated Usama bin Zaid: Allah's Apostle proceeded from `Arafat till when he reached the mountain pass, he dismounted, urinated and then performed ablution but not a perfect one. I said to him, ( Is it the time for) the prayer, O Allah's Apostle? He said, The (place of) prayer is ahead of you. He rode till when he reached Al-Muzdalifa, he dismounted and performed ablution and a perfect one, The (call for) Iqama was pronounced and he led the Maghrib prayer. Then everybody made his camel kneel down at its place. Then the Iqama was pronounced for the `Isha' prayer which the Prophet led and no prayer was offered in between the two . prayers (`Isha' and Maghrib).

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 139

READ HADITH 139 WITH ARABIC

(140) To wash the face with both hands by a handful of water

Narrated `Ata' bin Yasar: Ibn `Abbas performed ablution and washed his face (in the following way): He ladled out a handful of water, rinsed his mouth and washed his nose with it by putting in water and then blowing it out. He then, took another handful (of water) and did like this (gesturing) joining both hands, and washed his face, took another handful of water and washed his right forearm. He again took another handful of water and washed his left forearm, and passed wet hands over his head and took another handful of water and poured it over his right foot (up to his ankles) and washed it thoroughly and similarly took another handful of water and washed thoroughly his left foot (up to the ankles) and said, I saw Allah's Apostle performing ablution in this way.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 140

READ HADITH 140 WITH ARABIC

(141) To recite “In the Name of Allah,” during every action and on having sexual relations with one's wife

Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet said, If anyone of you on having sexual relations with his wife said (and he must say it before starting) 'In the name of Allah. O Allah! Protect us from Satan and also protect what you bestow upon us (i.e. the coming offspring) from Satan, and if it is destined that they should have a child then, Satan will never be able to harm that offspring.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 141

READ HADITH 141 WITH ARABIC

(142) What to say while going to the lavatory (water closet)

Narrated Anas: Whenever the Prophet went to answer the call of nature, he used to say, Allah-umma inni a`udhu bika minal khubuthi wal khaba'ith i.e. O Allah, I seek Refuge with You from all offensive and wicked things (evil deeds and evil spirits).

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 142

READ HADITH 142 WITH ARABIC

(143) Providing water at lavatories (for washing the private parts after answering the call of nature)

Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Once the Prophet entered a lavatory and I placed water for his ablution. He asked, Who placed it? He was informed accordingly and so he said, O Allah! Make him (Ibn `Abbas) a learned scholar in religion (Islam).

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 143

READ HADITH 143 WITH ARABIC

(144) While urinating or defecating, never face the Qiblah except when you are screened by a building or a wall or something like that

Narrated Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari: Allah's Apostle said, If anyone of you goes to an open space for answering the call of nature he should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qibla; he should either face the east or the west.

REFERENCE:

sahih al bukhari 1: Chapter 4, Hadith 144

READ HADITH 144 WITH ARABIC

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